Tourism is now a vital economic activity for the country., being one of the largest-scale industries and global growth instances.
Latest statistics on the tourism industry INEGI show that Mexico had a 4% increase in activity, llegando to represent a 9% GDP.
Currently the Ministry of Tourism of Mexico rethinks their economic policies on industry recovery, due to the huge losses caused by the global economic crisis, the problem of influenza, addition to insecurity and violence that have suffered.
It seeks to restore the confidence of international tourism and investors, to clean up beaches, invest in ecotourism and indigenous communities for sustainable development, develop measures to improve safety of tourists, it is necessary to establish standard indicators of improvement. There are environmental effects caused by tourism, such as air pollution by increased transport, loss of habitats and biodiversity of the construction of tourism infrastructure, increased solid waste and groundwater contamination.
That's why it already poses a SUSTAINABLE TOURISM, it means to have a broad perspective that merges the concept of sustainable development in the tourism industry. This is to maintain a balance between economic factors, sociocultural and environmental internationally, national and local.
Below is a guide to basic points for sustainable tourism offers:
- Supporting the conservation.
- Support the preservation of wildlife and biodiversity.
- Cultural sustainable use of natural resources and, evaluate them.
- Decrease consumption to a minimum, waste and pollution.
- Respect local culture and historical sites.
- Benefits to local communities.
- Increased awareness of environmental quality.
Recall the concept of sustainable development ... Responding to the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own.
You need a general understanding of the principles of sustainable tourism develops and the industry to work towards not only the establishment of codes of conduct, but standards and certification systems practical and reliable for this perspective can be adopted for the mutual recognition of promotion campaigns, agencies and consumers across the region.
The World Wildlife Fund developed a classification index for different tourism certification schemes according to how the different elements of sustainability are addressed (social equity, long-term economic benefits and environmental protection for all).
A second index according to the degree of sustainability in the use or management of energy, waste, water, soil, air, noise and hazardous substances.
A third index relates each of the schemes on their performance in achieving social sustainability criteria.
Ecotourism is a subset of sustainable tourism is defined as "environmentally responsible travel to natural areas to visit relatively untouched, in order to enjoy and appreciate nature (along with their cultural characteristics, current or past) and promote conservation, having a negative impact on local participation and promoting active partner with economic benefits (Ceballos - Lascurain (IUCN, 1996).
The Mexican Association of Adventure Travel and Ecotourism AC. (AMTAVE), was formed in 1994 with the goal of promoting this sector in the tourism industry in Mexico. AMTAVE is a partnership of public and private sector as part of the Executive Committee of Tourism. Its stated goal is to form a national network of alternative travel operators, ecotourism facilities, wildlife parks and reserves, and community projects that stand out for their excellence and professionalism in providing services of adventure tourism and ecotourism dedicated to strengthening, restoration and preservation of natural areas in which they operate.
The declaration of principles AMTAVE, which is available on its website, is to promote and protect sites of adventure tourism and ecotourism in Mexico so as to contribute to economic development while local communities in the protection of the environment is involved through the regulation and monitoring of activities, compliance with international standards. On the other side, and in our region ... the importance of the coastline to the Yucatan Peninsula is that it is a large peninsula ecosystem. A priority search implement a model of sustainable tourism in the Yucatan coast, highlighting its historical and environmental quality, contributing to the economic development of the area.
Sustainable Tourism is possible if you apply guidelines established for economic sustainability, social, environmental and cultural.
– Sustainable Tourism Strategy, in Biosphere Reserves and Ramsar Sites of Argentina.
Author: Secretariat of Environment and Sustainable Development of the Nation. Argentina.
– Compendium of Sustainable Tourism in situ in North America. Background Note for the Committee for Environmental Cooperation.
Author: Jane Barr, Chantal Line Carpentier y Yolanda Clegg.
– The website of the Ministry of Tourism of Mexico (SECTUR).
Architect Aida M. Traconis Alcocer